Music Production Glossary

Equalization (EQ)

The process of boosting, attenuating, or filtering out frequencies to improve the clarity of a sound or to reduce frequency overlap between multiple sounds.

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FM Synthesis

A form of audio synthesis in which the timbre of one waveform (the carrier) is changed by modulating its frequency using another waveform (the modulator) with a frequency value in the audible range.

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Humanization

The process of making slight adjustments to the time and loudness of individual notes in a digitally quantized pattern to make it sound less rigid and robotic. The goal is to add imperfections so it appears as if the pattern was played by a human.

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Spectrum Analyzer

A tool used to visualize the frequencies present and their amplitudes in an audio signal.

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Vectorscope

A special kind of oscilloscope that compares the amplitude of two signals over time. In music production, vectorscopes are often used to compare the left and right channels and visualize the "width" of stereo audio.

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